Andrographis paniculata (Kalmegh) has been used since centuries for the treatment of various diseases. It is a great benefit to the Unani, Ayurveda, Homeopathy and household treatment. The chemical components present in it are Andrographolite, neoandrographolite, and deoxyandrographlide. The derivatives of it are andrographiside, andropanoside, andrographin and panicolin.
Hindi Name : Kalmegh
Sanskrit Name : Bhunimbh
English Name : Kalmegh
Latin Name : Andrographis paniculata Pennel
It is an erect annual herb. Stem is dark green, quadrangular with longitudinal furrows and wings on the angles of the younger parts and slightly enlarged at the nodes. The leaves are glabrous, dark green, arranged opposite decussate, lanceolate and pinnate. The flowers are small, in lax spreading axillary and terminal racemes or panicles. The capsules are linear-oblong and acute at both ends. The seeds are numerous, sub-quadrate and yellowish brown in colour.
Andrographis Paniculata Medicinal Uses
Hepatoprotective: Protects the liver and gall bladder.
Vermicidal: Kills intestinal worms & support intestine.
Anti-acne: Protect skin from pimples.
Anti-inflammatory: Reduces swelling and cuts down exudation from capillaries.
Antibacterial: Fights bacterial activity. Although Andrographis appears to have weak direct antibacterial action, it has remarkably beneficial effect in reducing diarrhea and symptoms arising from bacterial infections as recommended by ayurved in India.
Expectorant: Promotes mucus discharge from the respiratory system.
Hypoglycemic: Blood sugar reducer.Immune Enhancement.